Oral Hygiene Day: Tips to maintain oral hygiene

Oral health is not only one of the most overlooked parameters but also one of the most underrated. Poor oral health can start or worsen many medical conditions, such as diabetes mellitus and increase the risk of cardiovascular problems, kidney disease, and more. On the other hand, good oral health can help diabetes mellitus patients to have better diabetic control. Dental expert Dr. Rajeev Chitguppi offers four key recommendations to help you maintain good oral hygiene and enjoy excellent oral health.

1) Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), or sugary drinks, are a major source of added sugars in the diet. Their consumption is on the rise worldwide. Research has shown that SSBs can harm your dental and overall health. They cause dental caries (tooth cavities) and are linked with weight gain, obesity, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, and cancers. Therefore, the first recommendation for good oral health is to avoid SSBs.

2) It would be best if you controlled the germs (dental plaque) present on the tooth surfaces by brushing your teeth for two minutes twice daily. Brushing for two minutes has been shown to help people achieve significant plaque removal. Use a soft-bristledtoothbrush with a small head and a flexible neck. Avoid hard bristled toothbrushes that are known to damage your tooth surfaces. Learn the correct brushing technique by visiting your dentist.

3) The spaces between your teeth, dental fillings, crowns, and bridges need more attention. These spaces run a higher risk of dental problems because regular

toothbrushes do not reach them easily. Learn from your dentist how to use dental floss or interdental brushes to clean these areas.

4) Children should have their first orthodontic check-up done by age 7. Children usually have a mix of milk and permanent teeth at this age, making it the best time for an orthodontist to detect malpositioned teeth early, preventing future dental problems. Early detection minimises the duration and cost of orthodontic treatment.

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